Indicators what-is-addiction

Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. For instance, drowsiness might be a symptom while dilated pupils might be a sign.

Drug addiction - when an individual is dependent on a substance, like a drug, nicotine or alcohol, he/she is unable to manage his/her use of that substance. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.


Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.


The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.

Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be

  • It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - mental and physical reactions happen when the levels of the substance in the body drop below a certain level. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
  • There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Sleeplessness is a typical symptom of withdrawal. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
  • Though the addicts witness these health issues, they continue to abuse those substances - even when they start suffering ailments as a result. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
  • Recreational or social sacrifices - because of the substance addiction, some actions are forfeited. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
  • Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
  • Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
  • Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
  • Stress management - Addicts usually feel they cannot handle issues without fortifying themselves with the drug.
  • Fixation - an addict may spend more energy and time concentrating on manners of to get his/her drug, and in certain instances on how to use the drug.
  • Serenely and isolation - much of the time the addict may take their substance alone and even in mystery.
  • Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. They don't know (or decline to recognise) that they have an issue.
  • Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
  • Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
  • Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
  • Consuming a dose that is initially larger - this is typical with alcoholism. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
  • Breaking the law - Some drugs and alcohol (not tobacco) are known to cause people to do things against the law when under their influence. This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
  • Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. Even cigarettes that in certain places, like the United Kingdom, regions of Europe and the United States of America cost more than '11 just for a packet of twenty cigarettes - someone who smokes 40 a day in such a place will have to spend '660 per month, almost '8,000 annually.
  • Relationship issue; these are more normal in drug/liquor fixation.

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Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.